Within the frame of the rapid growth of energy consumption in the world, the increased importance of renewable energy sources such as wind and solar, the domestic energy policies are rising the importance of renewables in Turkey’s energy agenda.
Global energy consumption is projected to increase by 28 percent until 2040, and Turkey is preparing to respond this increase with domestic energy policies of the government and the 2018 strategies by Energy and Natural Resources Ministry, that will support local resources and will leave its mark in 2018.
Turkey’s first deepwater drilling, groundbreaking for the Akkuyu Nuclear Power Plant, Renewable Energy Sources Wind Energy Areas (YEKA), domestic coal procurement and incentives will be in 2018 and 2019 agenda’s featured titles. Minister Albayrak said «We aim to increase the total installed power of renewable energy sources to 45.000 MW by the end of 2019. It is aimed to bring wind power plants to an important point in the electricity generation portfolio, to promote 3.000 MW solar plants by the end of 2019 and 700 MW of geothermal energy production by the end of the same year.
Having taken a series of steps to reduce external dependency in energy, the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources has taken a decision to reduce the fixed operating costs of power plants developed from domestic sources. The Energy Market Regulatory Authority (EMRA) has introduced a Capacity Mechanism that prioritizes domestic resources in the event that new installed forces are incorporated into the Electricity Market Capacity Regulation. Thus, long-term supply adequacy and system security will be established. The support system will be provided with payment support per installed power so that the power plants that supply energy from domestic sources for priority can meet the fixed operating costs.
Solar energy also continues rising. The total consumption contribution of the grid-connected solar energy production has reached 2.5 percent. According to the Solar Energy Potential Atlas, Turkey is located in a position to benefit more with this energy efficient with its 2 thousand 737 hours of annual sunshine duration and 527 kWh / m2 the average annual amount of solar energy. In addition, the cost reduction in solar panels and the increase in panel efficiency accelerated solar energy investments.
Turkey, with this mobility in energy in 2018, will also turn its way to biomass energy. Considering that Turkey’s biomass waste potential is equal to 8,6 million tonnes oil, now the 554 MW of installed power is expected to rise much more soon.
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